Messianism it is (in Polish literature) a conviction about the special role of Poland and the Polish nation in the history of the world. Its elements appear in the XNUMXth century as one of the components of Sarmatism, above all the belief in the historical mission of the Polish nation as a bulwark of Christianity.
It flourished after the loss of independence, especially after the fall of the November Uprising, in the environment of the Great Emigration. Poland is the Messiah of nations who will give the peoples of Europe the Kingdom of God on earth and free them from tyranny.
A lecture on messianic philosophy is given by A. Mickiewicz in "Forefathers' Eve" part III (1832), and above all in the "Books of the Polish Nation and Polish Pilgrimage" (1832). In "Dziady" messianism is present in "The Vision of Father Peter", in which Father Peter sees Poland - Christ spread on the cross of three partitioning powers.
Just as Christ suffered for the fate of humanity, Poland must suffer for Europe, but it will rise again and bring freedom to the entire continent. Mickiewicz included an orderly exposition of these views in the Books of the Polish Nation and the Polish Pilgrimage, in which the Polish emigration in Paris is appointed to the role of apostles, knights of the freedom brought by the resurrection of Poland.